Chapter four continues Solomon’s plea with his children (plural in verse one) to seek wisdom and understanding at an early age. He promised that the instruction he gave them was good (Proverbs 4:2). Looking back to his own childhood, he recalled the things that his own father taught him, that he was passing onto his children now (Proverbs 4:3-9). It seems that much of what Solomon wrote about wisdom found its basis in principles that David had taught him.
Again, as in the previous chapters, Solomon laid out some of the benefits that his children would gain if they actively pursued godly wisdom – longer life, unhindered paths, physical protection – all opposite of those who choose to live a lifestyle of wickedness (Proverbs 4:10-19). The chapter closes with specific directions that outline what a life of wisdom entails: pay close attention to godly teaching, guard what enters the heart, remove perverse language, do not let eyes wander or get distracted from God’s way (Proverbs 4:20-27).